Gaya Penulisan (Style)
APA (American Phsycological Association)
- psychology, education, and other social sciences.
If you are using the style for Copy Manuscripts, doublespace all lines. If you are using the style for Final Manuscripts, singlespace all lines and skip a line in between each reference. Ask your professor which style to follow.
Indent the second and following lines 5 to 7 spaces or one half inch.
Use only the initials of the authors' first (and middle) names.
If no author is given, start with the title and then the date.
If you are using a typewriter that cannot produce italics, then use underlining instead.
Magazine articles: include the month (and day) as shown under Newspapers.
Websites: if the date the page was created is not given, use (n.d.).
The rules concerning a title within a title are not displayed here for purposes of clarity. See the printed version of the manual for details.
Part of Citation:
-Author(s) BOOK with One Author
-Title of Book
-Title of Article
-Title of Periodical
-Place of Publication
Lord, W. (1955). A night to remember. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.
BOOK with Two Authors
Okuda, M., & Okuda, D. (1993). Star Trek chronology: The history of the future.
New York: Pocket Books.
BOOK ARTICLE OR CHAPTER
James, N. E. (1988). Two sides of paradise: The Eden myth according to Kirk
and Spock. In D. Palumbo (Ed.), Spectrum of the fantastic (pp. 219-223).
Westport, CT: Greenwood.
Di Rado, A. (1995, March 15). Trekking through college: Classes explore modern
society using the world of Star Trek. Los Angeles Times, p. A3.
JOURNAL OR MAGAZINE ARTICLE
Wilcox, R. V. (1991). Shifting roles and synthetic women in Star Trek: The
Next Generation. Studies in Popular Culture, 13(2), 53-65.
Sturgeon, T. (1995). Science fiction. In The encyclopedia Americana (Vol. 24, pp.
390-392). Danbury, CT: Grolier.
Lynch, T. (1996). DSN trials and tribble-ations review. Retrieved October 8, 1997,
from Psi Phi: Bradley's Science Fiction Club Web
Fuss-Reineck, M. (1993). Sibling communication in Star Trek: The
Next Generation: Conflicts between brothers. Miami, FL: Annual Meeting of
the Speech Communication Association. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.